What causes acne breakouts
Acne is a skin condition which occurs due to the overproduction of oil in the body’s glands.
The buildup of oil is going to cause the pores to clog up, in turn leading to black and white heads, as well as pimples over the skin.
When considering: what causes acne, the following is a short description of what factors contribute to the build up of oil, in turn leading to the different problems which acne tends to bring along with it.
Overactive oil glands
Sebaceous glands (oil glands), are located deep in the skin, each gland being connected to a tiny canal which contains hair (follicle). The tubes produce oil, which is pumped to the skin to lubricate the skin, and keep it properly nourished. Oil glands vary in size, and are stimulated to produce hormones, which in turn leads to excess or over activity of the oil glands.
The adrenal glands (which produce the hormones) will produce increased levels of oil during times of stress, or worry, or other difficult situations; this in turn leads to the glands becoming even larger in size. Other times the glands will be overactive is during puberty, due to the body’s changes.
The second component which causes acne is inflammation. Inflammation tends to occur because the body is trying to eliminate certain chemicals or toxins from the body. When dealing with acne, the foreign substance which is being eliminated is bacteria.
The factors which cause the skin to become inflammed, and bulge out are: black heads (pores are clogged close to the skin’s surface), white heads (deep blockage in the pores), pustules (pimples), and cysts (deeper red areas on the skin), might be a sign of something more serious.
Blocking of the skin pores
Acne will develop when the skin pores are blocked off by a foreign substance, dirt, or extremely high amounts of oil which are produced (overactive oil glands). Because the skin pores are blocked, this leads to oil remaining in the pores, in turn develops acne over the body.
Although many believe that it is due to poor hygiene, this is not the case; the black and white heads which result because of the blocked skin pores develop because of the blockage, and because the oil has no way of escaping due to the fact that the pores are clogged up.
Normal bacterial activity
The fourth reason acne occurs is because of normal skin bacterial activity. Although bacteria does not cause acne, it worsens it (in conjunction with the other three factors).
When oil gets trapped in the hair follicles, normal skin bacteria (P bacteria) will grow in the pores which are being blocked. This bacteria will then produce a chemical which creates excess oil in the blocked pore, in turn leading to further inflammation, and to irritated skin wherever there is excess bacterial build up.
First, know that your skin is covered with numerous hair follicles, which is also known as pores, and the lining of the pores is just like the surface of your skin; it shed cells during the process of renewing itself. A normal skin sheds around one cell layer per day during the renewal process.
However, when you have the tendency for acne, you shed too many of those cells; about five cell layers a day, which are often sticky in nature thus forming tiny plugs deep inside your skin pores.
Scientists call these tiny plugs of dead cells as microcomedones.
Acne is a major concern of teenagers these days, as they are painful, infectious, look bad no matter whether they are big, small, or blistered, and they leave ugly scars on the skin most of the times.
Not only teens, everyone are susceptible for acne irrespective of their age, sex, or ethnicity.
But, do you know what really causes acne ?
To get started, you need to understand what acne is and what it is not. It is not your fault and is not a result of something you are doing wrong.
Learning the causes, and how to prevent these things from happening through proper skin care and treatment, are some things which should be considered, in order to keep the skin clean, and prevent acne.
Depending on the severity of the acne, (which of the four factors is the leading cause, or which one is playing the largest role in the production of acne), and depending on what your doctor or dermatologist might say, there are different options to treat the acne.
Second, the pilosebaceus glands found in the skin pores secrete plenty of oil, especially during puberty due to the raging hormones acting on these glands.
The oil secreted from your sebaceous gland mixes with the dead cells and causes more cells to stick to the microcomedones, resulting in the formation of “comedones“.
Third, P.acnes ( Propionibacterium acnes ) is a naturally occurring bacteria that is normally found in your skin pores. Unfortunately, scientists concluded that acne is caused by P.acnes, and so named them for your skin problem. But, actually it does not. The dead cells and oil in your skin pores create a perfect environment for the bacteria to grow.
And, as the bacteria grow, the blockage extends up and becomes visible as acne on your skin surface. P.acnes is harmless, if there weren’t any dead skin cells and oil in your skin.
But in some cases damage caused by P. acnes and the associated inflammation make the affected tissue more susceptible to colonization by opportunistic bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus .
Thus, the combination of all the above three factors, results in the formation of acne.
Though, the process of acne formation is clearly understood, the exact causes that trigger excess oil production and dead cell formation are often unknown. However, certain factors have been proven to contribute to the onset of acne formation.
- Hormonal imbalances
- Intake of certain medications like oral contraceptive pills
- Hereditary factors,
- Environmental factors such as pollution and humidity,
- Sporting equipment and friction from clothing,
- The use of certain make-up and cosmetic products.
Acne is so difficult to treat, because it is really hard to find out the exact cause of your acne lesions. However, once the specific acne trigger is understood, then natural acne remedies can help you not only with your existing acne but also prevents the formation of new acne in the future.
But, when you are unsure what causes acne, then cleaning, exfoliating, and moisturizing, two times a day will help eliminate most of your problems easily.
Considering a homeopathic cure, and home based remedies is something that you should think about when trying to treat the acne.
As each case is a little different than the next, making sure you understand the root causes, and learn how to care for the acne, are some things that have to be done.
Regardless of the treatment options chosen, knowing the root cause, and how to possibly prevent the acne, are things to learn in order to prevent the problems in the future.